More than 400,000 Indian babies die every year from preventable causes within 24 hours of their birth, despite the country’s recent rapid economic development
India accounts for a fifth of all newborn deaths worldwide.
Malnutrition can be identified into two constituents, protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, where protein-energy malnutrition is clearly observed in India and other developing countries There are different methods of identifying malnutrition; physical findings generally help in the diagnosis of advanced malnutrition. In identifying it early in the development malnutrition, it is of advantage to allowing early rehabilitation One of the classification of protein-energy malnutrition is done by Gomez, which uses anthropometric indices.
Deficiencies in nutrition inflict long-term damage to both individuals and society. Compared with their better-fed peers, nutrition-deficient individuals are more likely to have infectious diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, which lead to a higher mortality rate. In addition, nutrition-deficient individuals are less productive at work. Low productivity not only gives them low pay that traps them in a vicious circle of under-nutrition, but also brings inefficiency to the society, especially in India where labor is a major input factor for economic production.On the other hand, over-nutrition also has severe consequences
One of the major causes for malnutrition in India is gender inequality. Due to the low social status of Indian women, their diet often lacks in both quality and quantity. Women who suffer malnutrition are less likely to have healthy babies. In India, mothers generally lack proper knowledge in feeding children. they do not breast-feed their children or feed them poorly. Consequently, new born infants are unable to get adequate amount of nutrition from t heir mothers
India Second In Children Suffering From Malnutrition: What Is Being Done?
The report, gathered from research in 14 countries, calculated that globally two million children die each year within 24 hours of birth –one every 15 seconds.
India’s child mortality statistics are particularly stark, with 72 deaths per 1,000 live births, higher than neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh.
And more than two million Indian children die each year before their fifth birthday.
Major causes of death in the first years of life include malnutrition, pneumonia and diarrhoea — afflictions that are cheap and easy to cure.
India’s child mortality statistics are particularly stark, with 72 deaths per 1,000 live births, higher than neighbouring countries.
Every child, no matter where or to whom they are born, has an equal right and deserves an equal chance to survive. And every one of us has a moral responsibility to act and act now